In kitchens, all outlets that serve countertop surfaces should be equipped with GFCI outlet protection. That would include any outlets on walls, behind wet areas (sinks, etc.) that have features such as countertop breakfast bars (open counter surfaces above sinks used to sit at on the opposite side).
What appliances require GFCI?
The NEC requires GFCIs on all exterior and bathroom receptacles (another term for outlets). GFCIs are also required on all receptacles serving kitchen countertops. In laundry rooms and utility rooms, GFCIs should be installed on outlets within six feet of sinks, washing machines, and water heaters.
Are kitchen refrigerators required to be GFCI-protected?
In a dwelling unit (residential), GFCI protection is only required for kitchen receptacles that serve the countertop surfaces. There’s no requirement to GFCI protect receptacles that serve a refrigerator. Unless the fridge is plugged into a countertop receptacle.
Do appliances need GFCI protection?
Per 210.8(A)(6), GFCI protection is required for all 15A and 20A, 125V receptacles that serve kitchen countertop surfaces in a dwelling unit. GFCI protection is not required for receptacles serving appliances like dishwashers, or convenience receptacles that do not supply countertop surfaces.
Does a microwave need to be GFCI-protected?
A GFI or GFCI outlet is needed if the microwave is located less than 6 feet from a water source such as the edge of the sink, toilet, shower, etc. It is also needed if located outdoors, garages, kitchen counter tops, near laundry, utility sinks, wet bar sinks and near swimming pools.
Does kitchen island need GFCI?
Because kitchens and bathrooms mix water and electricity, GFCI plugs are a requirement. GFCI protection is required for all 15A and 20A, 125V receptacles that supply kitchen countertop surfaces, including islands.
Does a dishwasher need a GFCI outlet?
Kitchen dishwashers installed in dwelling units require GFCI protection whether hard wired or cord and plug connected.
Does a refrigerator need to be on an arc fault breaker?
So, the answer is, Yes, circuits that supply outlets for refrigerators do need to be arc-fault protected, with very few exceptions. There are a few rooms where it is not required, if your state still uses NEC-2014, or if your state does not use NEC.
How do I stop my refrigerator from tripping the GFCI?
This is usually caused by multiple appliances being plugged into the same circuit. To avoid this happening, make sure that your refrigerator has a dedicated circuit, which you can do by plugging your refrigerator into an alternative power outlet and seeing if it still trips.
Does a freezer need a GFCI?
A. That “protector outlet” you’re referring to is a GFCI, or “Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter” receptacle, and GFCI’s are required by building code in garages, kitchens, bathrooms, and on the exterior of new homes. … So freezers and refrigerators should never be plugged into GFCI’s.
Do garbage disposals have to be GFCI-protected?
The National Electrical Code (NEC) does not require a garbage disposal to have GFCI protection. GFCI protection for this appliance is optional. … Garbage disposals should be either hardwired or connected to an outlet through a grounded electrical outlet.
Does a dishwasher need a GFCI 2020?
Another revision to GFCI protection in the 2020 NEC is to section 422.5(A) dealing with appliances that require GFCI protection. This section was revised to include dishwashers. Yes, dishwashers! … Kitchen island receptacle requirements also saw a major overhaul during the 2020 NEC revision cycle.
Do washers need GFCI?
There is no specific requirement in the NEC for the washing machine itself to have GFCI protection. Section 210.52(F) requires a receptacle outlet to be installed for the laundry area and it must be supplied by a 20-ampere branch circuit in accordance with 210.11(C)(2).
What is the code for kitchen outlets?
Outlet Spacing in Kitchens
In kitchens, electrical outlets should be placed no farther than 48 inches apart, so that no point on the countertop is more than 24 inches away from a receptacle. Any countertop 12 inches wide or more should have an outlet on the wall behind the countertop.
Why does my microwave keep tripping my GFCI outlet?
The answer: The microwave is overloading the electrical circuit. In other words, the circuit is rated to handle a certain amount of amps (unit of electrical current), and the microwave is exceeding that amount, causing the breaker to trip. … The microwave is malfunctioning and pulling too much electrical current.
Does a countertop microwave need its own circuit?
Microwave ovens often demand dedicated circuitry, but this isn’t always a necessity. The National Electrical Code requires it for all fixed equipment, so a circuit must be set aside for any built-in oven. Small or older countertop models draw less power than modern full-size units.