What are the five fundamentals of security?

In which fundamental security principle would only those personnel who must use data have access to it?

The principle of least privilege (POLP) is a concept in computer security that limits users’ access rights to only what are strictly required to do their jobs. Users are granted permission to read, write or execute only the files or resources necessary to do their jobs.

Which of the following are considered threat actors?

Types of Threat Actors

  • Government-Sponsored/State-Sponsored Actors. These threat actors are funded, directed, or sponsored by nations. …
  • Organized Crime/Cybercriminals. Crime is everywhere, and the internet is no different. …
  • Hacktivists. …
  • Insiders. …
  • Script Kiddies. …
  • Internal User Errors.

What are the fundamental security principles?

The fundamental principles (tenets) of information security are confidentiality, integrity, and availability. Every element of an information security program (and every security control put in place by an entity) should be designed to achieve one or more of these principles.

What are the three main goals of security?

Security of computer networks and systems is almost always discussed within information security that has three fundamental objectives, namely confidentiality, integrity, and availability.

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What are the 5 types of threat actors?

Here are the main kinds of threat actors, their motivations, how they typically operate, and how to defend against them.

  • 1) Organized Cyber Criminals. The threat actor that businesses are most likely to ‘meet’ are organized cybercriminals. …
  • 2) APT Groups. …
  • 3) Insider Threats. …
  • 5) Hacktivists (Activist Hackers) …
  • Final Thoughts.

What vectors are threats?

Put simply, threat vectors are the routes that malicious attacks may take to get past your defenses and infect your network. … User – Attackers often use social engineering and social networking to gather information and trick users into opening a pathway for an attack into a network.

What Phishing mean?

Phishing is a type of social engineering attack often used to steal user data, including login credentials and credit card numbers. It occurs when an attacker, masquerading as a trusted entity, dupes a victim into opening an email, instant message, or text message.

What are the four elements of security?

An effective security system comprises of four elements: Protection, Detection, Verification & Reaction.

What is the main aim of security?

The goal of IT security is to protect these assets, devices and services from being disrupted, stolen or exploited by unauthorized users, otherwise known as threat actors. These threats can be external or internal and malicious or accidental in both origin and nature.

What is the first step to understanding a security?

Explanation: Identify assets and their values: Understanding the value of an asset is the first step to understanding what security mechanisms should be put in place and what funds should go toward protecting it.

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What is the aim of security?

All information security measures try to address at least one of three goals: Protect the confidentiality of data. Preserve the integrity of data. Promote the availability of data for authorized use.