How does Section 9 of the Constitution protect citizens?

9. (1) Everyone is equal before the law and has the right to equal protection and benefit of the law. (2) Equality includes the full and equal enjoyment of all rights and freedoms.

What is the purpose of Section 9 of the Constitution?

Article 1, Section 9 of the U.S. Constitution places limits on the powers of Congress, the Legislative Branch. These restrictions include those on limiting the slave trade, suspending civil and legal protections of citizens, apportionment of direct taxes, and granting titles of nobility.

What does Chapter 9 of the Constitution contain?

Chapter 9 of the Constitution establishes a number of state institutions tasked with supporting our constitutional democracy. The task of these institutions is to promote and protect those rights within the Bill of Rights which fall within their particular area.

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What is the 9th article of the Constitution?

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

What is the role of Chapter 9 institutions?

The role of the Chapter 9s as institutions making government answerable and exerting “cooperative” control is also evident when one looks at the work of the CGE or the HRC. They are intended to investigate the implementation of rights and engage with government and, particularly, Parliament.

What is a Section 9?

A witness statement to be used as written evidence in criminal proceedings under section 9 of the Criminal Justice Act 1967 (section 9 witness statement), commonly used in anti-counterfeiting cases to provide evidence that the products in issue are counterfeit.

What does Article 9 say?

Article 9 protects your right to freedom of thought, belief and religion. It includes the right to change your religion or beliefs at any time. You also have the right to put your thoughts and beliefs into action.

What is the role of a Chapter 9 institutions in supporting democracy?

(1) The following state institutions strengthen constitutional democracy in the Republic: (a) The Public Protector. … (5) These institutions are accountable to the National Assembly, and must report on their activities and the performance of their functions to the Assembly at least once a year.

Which institution falls under Chapter 9 of the Constitution?

The Speaker met the leaders of Chapter 9 institutions in Parliament today (Wednesday 30 October): the six Institutions created in terms of the Constitution to support democracy are the Auditor-General, the Commission for Gender Equality, the Electoral Commission, the Public Protector, the South African Human Rights …

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How many Chapter 9 institutions are there in South Africa?

They assist organs of state in adhering to the new constitutional dispensation. There are six chapter nine institutions: (a) The Public Protector. (b) The South African Human Rights Commission.

What right does the 9th amendment protect?

Ninth Amendment, amendment (1791) to the Constitution of the United States, part of the Bill of Rights, formally stating that the people retain rights absent specific enumeration.

What action would be protected by the Ninth Amendment?

It turns out that the Supreme Court in 1965 decided that the Ninth Amendment protected the right to privacy within a marriage in the landmark case of Griswold v. Connecticut. It is sometimes referred to as Amendment IX.

Why is the 9th amendment important in the protection of individual rights?

Why is the 9th Amendment important in the protection of individual rights? Because it declares that rights exist beyond those listed in the Constitution. Which constitutional provision sets up, in Thomas Jefferson’s words, “a wall of separation between church and state”?

How does CGE protect citizens against human rights violations?

The CGE’s functions include: monitoring and evaluating the policies and practices of government, the private sector and other organisations to ensure that they promote and protect gender equality; public education and information; reviewing existing and upcoming legislation from a gender perspective; investigating …

How does Public Protector protect the rights of the citizens of South Africa?

The Public Protector in South Africa is one of six independent state institutions set up by the country’s Constitution to support and defend democracy. … According to the Constitution, they must be impartial and must exercise their powers and perform their functions without fear, favour or prejudice.

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How does the Constitution benefit the citizens of South Africa?

The Constitution sets out South Africa’s values, the rights of the people, how Parliament and the other legislatures work, how the national and provincial executives are chosen, and how the courts work. It also establishes six institutions to support our democracy. South Africa is a constitutional democracy.